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Friday, June 21, 2024

Chromium oxide takes a crucial step towards hydrogen production: innovation in photocatalytic and electrocatalytic water splitting

As the world continues to search for ways to reduce carbon emissions and shifts towards cleaner energy sources, hydrogen has become a clean alternative to fossil fuels. It can be used for transportation, heating, and generating electricity. Hydrogen produces zero emissions when used as fuel, but production costs and scalability hinder its widespread use. Researchers at the University of Adelaide Flinders have now studied chromium oxide as a catalyst for producing hydrogen gas from water in photocatalysis. This study was published in ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces and discussed the stability of chromium oxide used for photocatalytic hydrogen production. This can make the entire process more cost-effective and efficient.

Chromium oxide (Cr2O3) has been proven to prevent the occurrence of reverse reactions, but it is not very stable. The team, led by Professor Gunther G. Andersson from the University of Flinders, used annealing (cooling after heating) to deposit chromium oxide onto some catalysts and co-catalysts to study their stability. They found that the stability of chromium oxide depends on the layer used below. They also observed that chromium oxide did not affect the water-splitting reaction, making it an excellent candidate for photocatalysis. Due to chromium oxide being the main candidate material for photocatalysts, this study is of great significance as it extends valuable insights into the performance of chromium oxide coatings. Therefore, their findings can pave the way for further research on photocatalysis as a feasible option for hydrogen production.


Chromium oxide is an inorganic compound with the chemical formula Cr2O3. It has multiple characteristics and applications.

The physical properties of chromium oxide:

  1. Color and morphology: Chromium oxide is a green powder, which makes it widely used in industries such as coatings, ceramics, and glass.
  2. Melting point: up to 2265 ° C, with high thermal stability.
  3. Stability: Stable at room temperature and pressure, insoluble in water, but soluble in acid.
(Chromium Oxide)

Chemical properties of chromium oxide:

  1. Reductivity: Chromium oxide has reducibility and can react with acids to produce corresponding salts and water.
  2. Reaction with alkali: It can react with alkali to generate corresponding hydroxides and salts.

How chromium oxide assists in hydrogen production:

  1. Absorption of sunlight: Chromium oxide can absorb visible and ultraviolet light from sunlight and convert it into electrical energy. This is achieved through the process of photo-generated electron-hole pairs.
  2. Generation of electrons and holes: The semiconductor structure of chromium oxide allows for the separation of electrons and holes under light conditions and the generation of free electrons and holes. These electrons and holes have high activity and can participate in chemical reactions.
  3. Adsorption and decomposition of water molecules: The active sites on the surface of chromium oxide can adsorb water molecules. Under the action of electrons and holes, the water adsorbed on the surface of chromium oxide is decomposed into hydrogen and oxygen. This process produces hydrogen gas (H2) through a reduction reaction and oxygen (O2) through an oxidation reaction.
  4. Generation of hydrogen and oxygen: As the reaction proceeds, electrons and holes on the surface of chromium oxide combine with hydrogen and oxygen in water molecules to generate hydrogen and oxygen. This process is reversible, meaning the generated hydrogen can recombine with oxygen to form water.
  5. Continuous reaction and efficiency improvement: By continuously providing sunlight and maintaining appropriate reaction conditions (such as temperature and light intensity), chromium oxide can continue to undergo water-splitting reactions and produce hydrogen gas. By optimizing reaction conditions and improving the preparation method of chromium oxide, its photocatalytic efficiency and hydrogen production through water splitting can be further improved.
(Chromium Oxide)


TRUNNANO is a supplier of chromium oxide with over 12 years of experience in the manufacturing of chemical materials. It accepts payments through credit cards, T/T, Western Union transfers, and PayPal. Trunnano will ship the goods to overseas clients through FedEx, DHL, and air or sea freight. If you are looking for high-quality chromium oxide, please get in touch with us and send us an inquiry.

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